Archive of CERT general posting, CERT Vendor-Initiated Bulletin VB-98.06 - MS_IIS_multiple_data_streams

09/07/98, CERT Vendor-Initiated Bulletin VB-98.06 - MS_IIS_multiple_data_streams
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To: cert-advisory@coal.cert.org
Subject: CERT Vendor-Initiated Bulletin VB-98.06 - MS_IIS_multiple_data_streams
From: CERT Bulletin <cert-advisory@cert.org>
Date: Wed, 8 Jul 1998 14:23:18 -0400
Organization: CERT(sm) Coordination Center - +1 412-268-7090
Reply-To: cert-advisory-request@cert.org

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=============================================================================
CERT* Vendor-Initiated Bulletin VB-98.06
July 8, 1998

Topic:  File Access issue with Internet Information Server
Source: Microsoft Corporation

To aid in the wide distribution of essential security information, the CERT
Coordination Center is forwarding the following information from Microsoft.
Microsoft urges you to act on this information as soon as possible. Microsoft
contact information is included in the forwarded text below; please contact
them if you have any questions or need further information.


=======================FORWARDED TEXT STARTS HERE============================

Microsoft Security Bulletin (MS98-003)

File Access issue with Internet Information Server

Last Revision: July 8, 1998

Summary
=======
Recently Paul Ashton reported an issue on the NTBugtraq mailing
list (http://www.ntbugtraq.com) that affects Microsoft Internet
Information Server (IIS). Web clients that connect to IIS can read
the contents of any NTFS file in an IIS v-root directory to which
they have been granted "read access". They can read these files
even if the file is marked for "applications mappings", such as
used with Active Server Pages scripts.

The purpose of this bulletin is to inform Microsoft customers of this
issue, its applicability to Microsoft products, and the availability
of countermeasures Microsoft has developed to further secure its
customers.

Issue
=====
The native Microsoft(r) Windows NT(r) file system, NTFS, supports
multiple data streams within a file. The main data stream, which stores
the primary content has an attribute called $DATA. Accessing this NTFS
stream via IIS from a browser may display the contents of a file that
is normally set to be acted upon by an Application Mapping.

For example, .ASP files are mapped such that they are executed by
the Active Server Pages scripting agent on the server, rather than
simply returning the contents of a file, as is done with standard
.htm files. Normally direct contents of the these script-mapped
files should not be returned to the user. However, by requesting the
file using the its complete data stream name, a web browser could
obtain the contents of the script file. In some cases, the file
might contain sensitive information such as embedded passwords or
other sensitive "business logic" information.

This issue does not give the user, who was able to access the script
file, the ability to alter the script on the server, or force the server
to run any arbitrary code. The only exposure here is to the plain text
contents of the script file.

The issue is a result of how IIS parses filenames. The fix involves
IIS supporting NTFS alternate data streams by asking Windows NT to
canonicalize the filename.

For the problem to occur:
 - The user must know the name of the file
 - The ACLs on the file must allow the user read access
 - The file must reside on an NTFS partition

Affected Software Versions
==========================
 - Microsoft Internet Information Server versions 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0
 - Microsoft Peer Web Server versions 2.0, 3.0
 - Microsoft Personal Web Server version 4.0 on Windows NT 4.0 Workstation

What Microsoft is Doing
=======================
The Microsoft Product Security Response Team has produced a hotfix for
Microsoft Internet Information Server versions 3.0 and 4.0.
Additionally, some administrative workarounds are included below.

What customers should do
========================
Microsoft strongly recommends that customers using IIS versions 3.0
and 4.0 should apply the hotfix.

Customers running previous versions of IIS should upgrade to a more
recent version (3.0 or 4.0).

The following hotfixes are available from the Microsoft FTP download
server under
ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/bussys/IIS/iis-public/fixes/usa/security/

  IIS 3.0 (Intel x86) hotfix     /iis3-datafix/iis3fixi.exe
  IIS 3.0 (Alpha) hotfix         /iis3-datafix/iis3fixa.exe

  IIS 4.0 (Intel x86) hotfix     /iis4-datafix/iis4fixi.exe
  IIS 4.0 (Alpha) hotfix         /iis4-datafix/iis4fixa.exe

As localized versions of this hotfix are produced, they will appear
in the respective language directories under
ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/bussys/IIS/iis-public/fixes/(lang)/security

Administrative workaround
=========================
Customers who cannot apply the hot fix can use the following workaround
to temporarily address this issue:

Normally, web users do not need "read" access to script files, such
as .ASP files. They simply need "execute" permissions. Removing "read"
access to these files for non-administrative users will remove this
exposure.

For additional protection, the Application Maps can be modified in
IIS 4.0 to take into account the existence of the alternate data
streams. More details on this workaround are available in the
Microsoft Knowledge Base article Q188806 (see the "More Information"
section below for the URL).

In addition, the following practices can help to further improve
security for your IIS servers:

  - Periodically review the users and groups who have access to the web
    server: Review the users and groups and their permissions to ensure
    that only valid users have the appropriate permissions.
  - Use auditing to detect for suspicious activity: Apply auditing
    controls on sensitive files and review these logs periodically to
    detect suspicious or unauthorized behavior.
  - Set "read" and "execute" permissions appropriately: ASP and other
    script files do not need to be readable by users that access them
    through IIS, rather they need to be executable. Thus, it is
    advisable to remove "read" access from these files for normal users.

More Information
================
Please see the following references for more information related to
this issue.

  - Microsoft Security Bulletin 98-003, File Access issue with Internet
    Information Server (the web-posted version of this bulletin),
    http://www.microsoft.com/security/bulletins/ms98-003.htm
  - Microsoft Knowledge Base article Q188806, NTFS Alternate Data Stream
    Name of a File May Return Source,
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q188/8/06.asp
  - Microsoft Knowledge Base article Q105763, HOWTO: Use NTFS Alternate
    Data Streams,
    http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q105/7/63.asp

Revisions
=========
July 2, 1998: Bulletin Created
July 6, 1998: Updated information on the availability of hotfix for IIS
              4.0 and Alpha version as well. Added additional information
              on workaround, and more thorough issue description.
July 8, 1998: Updated to include information about localized versions of
              the hotfix. Updated information about products affected.

For additional information on security with Microsoft products, please visit
http://www.microsoft.com/security

===============================================================================
  THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE MICROSOFT KNOWLEDGE BASE IS PROVIDED "AS IS"
  WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. MICROSOFT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER
  EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
  FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS
  SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER INCLUDING DIRECT, INDIRECT,
  INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS OR SPECIAL DAMAGES, EVEN
  IF MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY
  OF SUCH DAMAGES. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF
  LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES SO THE FOREGOING LIMITATION
  MAY NOT APPLY.

(c) 1998 Microsoft and/or its suppliers. All rights reserved.
For Terms of Use see http://support.microsoft.com/support/misc/cpyright.asp.




========================FORWARDED TEXT ENDS HERE=============================

If you believe that your system has been compromised, contact the CERT
Coordination Center or your representative in the Forum of Incident Response
and Security Teams (FIRST). See http://www.first.org/team-info/.

We strongly urge you to encrypt any sensitive information you send by email.
The CERT Coordination Center can support a shared DES key and PGP. Contact
the CERT staff for more information.

Location of CERT PGP key
         ftp://ftp.cert.org/pub/CERT_PGP.key


CERT Contact Information
- ------------------------
Email    cert@cert.org

Phone    +1 412-268-7090 (24-hour hotline)
                CERT personnel answer 8:30-5:00 p.m. EST
                (GMT-5)/EDT(GMT-4), and are on call for
                emergencies during other hours.

Fax      +1 412-268-6989

Postal address
        CERT Coordination Center
        Software Engineering Institute
        Carnegie Mellon University
        Pittsburgh PA 15213-3890
        USA

CERT publications, information about FIRST representatives, and other
security-related information are available from
        http://www.cert.org/
        ftp://ftp.cert.org/pub/

CERT advisories and bulletins are also posted on the USENET newsgroup
        comp.security.announce

To be added to our mailing list for CERT advisories and bulletins, send your
email address to
        cert-advisory-request@cert.org
In the subject line, type
        SUBSCRIBE  your-email-address



* Registered U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

The CERT Coordination Center is part of the Software Engineering
Institute (SEI). The SEI is sponsored by the U. S. Department of Defense.


This file:
ftp://ftp.cert.org/pub/cert_bulletins/VB-98.06.MS_IIS_multiple_data_streams




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