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Previous: 45.9 The Unappreciated Bourne Shell  ":" OperatorChapter 45
Shell Programming for the Initiated
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45.10 Removing a File Once It's Opened - for Security and Easy Cleanup

Once a process has opened a file (45.20), UNIX won't delete the file until the process closes it. (The rm command only removes a link to the file from a directory, not the file itself.)

I've heard arguments (24.3) about whether removing a file while it's open is a good idea. If you want to run a set of commands from a file, but not let anyone else read the list of commands you're using, you can write a shell script that removes itself before doing anything else. (You should be aware that if you use a filesystem mounted by NFS (1.33), NFS will just rename the "removed" file to a hidden filename (16.11) like .nfsXXXXX.)

Here's a simple self-removing shell script:

% cat doit
rm doit   # by now, shell has opened this file; we can remove it
ls doit
make bigprog
% sh doit
ls: doit not found
cc   -target sun4 -c  routine.c

Here's a more typical script that opens and removes a file in /tmp (21.3):



% cat delme
temp=/tmp/delme$$              # file in /tmp (could be anywhere)
echo "This is line1.
This is line2.
This is line3." > $temp        # put three lines in $temp
ls -l $temp; wc $temp          # ls and count lines in the file
exec < $temp                   # take standard input from $temp
read line; echo $line          # read and echo line 1 from $temp
rm $temp; echo rm returned $?  # remove $temp link; show status
ls -l $temp; wc $temp          # the file is gone...?
read line; echo $line          # but file is still open!
read line; echo $line
exec <&-                       # close standard input (and file)
% delme
-rw-rw-r--   1 jerry    45 Sep 16 12:31 /tmp/delme22743
      3      9     45 /tmp/delme22743
This is line1.
rm returned 0
ls: /tmp/delme22743: No such file or directory
wc: cannot open /tmp/delme22743
This is line2.
This is line3.

- JP

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