[FreeBSD-Announce] FreeBSD Errata Notice FreeBSD-EN-16:13.vmbus

12/08/16, [FreeBSD-Announce] FreeBSD Errata Notice FreeBSD-EN-16:13.vmbus
From: FreeBSD Errata Notices <errata-notices@freebsd.org>

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To: FreeBSD Errata Notices <errata-notices@freebsd.org>
Subject: [FreeBSD-Announce] FreeBSD Errata Notice FreeBSD-EN-16:13.vmbus
From: FreeBSD Errata Notices <errata-notices@freebsd.org>
Date: Fri, 12 Aug 2016 04:10:07 +0000 (UTC)
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=============================================================================
FreeBSD-EN-16:13.vmbus                                          Errata Notice
                                                          The FreeBSD Project

Topic:          Register time counter early enough for TSC freq calibration

Category:       core
Module:         vmbus
Announced:      2016-08-12
Credits:        Microsoft OSTC
Affects:        FreeBSD 10.3
Corrected:      2016-06-16 01:57:16 UTC (stable/10, 10.3-STABLE)
                2016-08-12 04:01:16 UTC (releng/10.3, 10.3-RELEASE-p7)

For general information regarding FreeBSD Errata Notices and Security
Advisories, including descriptions of the fields above, security
branches, and the following sections, please visit
<URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/>.

I.   Background

FreeBSD uses i8254 PIT (Programmable Interval Timer) to calibrate the
frequency of the CPU TSC (Time Stamp Counter).

II.  Problem Description

The Hyper-V i8254 emulation does not correctly calibrate the TSC frequency,
and is not available for Generation 2 Hyper-V virtual machines.

III. Impact

FreeBSD virtual machines running on Hyper-V will see warnings logged to
syslog(8) and the system console resembling:
calcru: runtime went backwards from 18 usec to 9 usec for pid 0 (kernel)

IV.  Workaround

No workaround is available, however FreeBSD virtual machines not running in
Hyper-V or Azure are unaffected.

V.   Solution

Perform one of the following:

1) Upgrade your system to a supported FreeBSD stable or release / security
branch (releng) dated after the correction date.  After which, reboot the
system.

2) To update your system via a binary patch:

Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:

# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install
After which, reboot the system.

3) To update your system via a source code patch:

The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-16:13/vmbus.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/EN-16:13/vmbus.patch.asc
# gpg --verify vmbus.patch.asc

b) Apply the patch.  Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch

c) Recompile your kernel as described in
<URL:https://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/kernelconfig.html> and reboot the
system.

VI.  Correction details

The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each
affected branch.

Branch/path                                                      Revision
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
stable/10/                                                        r301942
releng/10.3/                                                      r303984
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:

# svn diff -cNNNNNN --summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base

Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:

<URL:https://svnweb.freebsd.org/base?view=revision&revision=NNNNNN>

VII. References

The latest revision of this advisory is available at
<URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-EN-16:13.vmbus.asc>
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