US-CERT Technical Cyber Security Alert TA04-147A -- CVS Heap Overflow Vulnerability

28/05/04, US-CERT Technical Cyber Security Alert TA04-147A -- CVS Heap Overflow Vulnerability
From: CERT Advisory <cert-advisory@cert.org>

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To: cert-advisory@cert.org
Subject: US-CERT Technical Cyber Security Alert TA04-147A -- CVS Heap Overflow Vulnerability
From: CERT Advisory <cert-advisory@cert.org>
Date: Thu, 27 May 2004 19:34:36 -0400
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           Technical Cyber Security Alert TA04-147A

               CVS Heap Overflow Vulnerability

   Original release date: May 26, 2004
   Last revised: --
   Source: US-CERT

Systems Affected

     * Concurrent Versions System (CVS) versions prior to 1.11.16
     * CVS Features versions prior to 1.12.8

Overview

   A heap overflow vulnerability in the Concurrent Versions System (CVS)
   could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on a
   vulnerable system.

I. Description

   CVS is a source code maintenance system that is widely used by
   open-source software development projects. There is a heap memory
   overflow vulnerability in the way CVS handles the insertion of
   modified and unchanged flags within entry lines. When processing an
   entry line, an additional byte of memory is allocated to flag the
   entry as modified or unchanged. There is a failure to check if a byte
   has been previously allocated for the flag, which creates an
   off-by-one buffer overflow. By calling a vulnerable function several
   times and inserting specific characters into the entry lines, a remote
   attacker could overwrite multiple blocks of memory. In some
   environments, the CVS server process is started by the Internet
   services daemon (inetd) and may run with root privileges.

   An authenticated client could exploit this vulnerability to execute
   arbitrary code, execute commands, modify sensitive information, or
   cause a denial of service. Note that if a CVS server is configured to
   permit anonymous read-only access, then this provides sufficient
   access to exploit a vulnerable server, as anonymous users are
   authenticated through the cvspserver process.

   US-CERT is tracking this issue as VU#192038. This reference number
   corresponds to CVE candidate CAN-2004-0396.

II. Impact

   An authenticated client could exploit this vulnerability to execute
   arbitrary code on the vulnerable system with the privileges of the CVS
   server process. It is possible for an anonymous user with read-only
   access to exploit a vulnerable server as they are authenticated
   through the cvspserver process.

   In addition to compromising the system running CVS, there is a
   significant secondary impact in that source code maintained in CVS
   repositories could be modified to include Trojan horses, backdoors, or
   other malicious code.

III. Solution

   Apply Patch or Upgrade

     Apply the appropriate patch or upgrade as specified by your vendor.
     For vendor specific responses, please see your vendor's website or
     Vulnerability Note VU#192038.

     This issue has been resolved in Stable CVS Version 1.11.16 and CVS
     Feature Version 1.12.8.

   Disable CVS Server

     Until a patch or upgrade can be applied, consider disabling the CVS
     server.

   Block or Restrict Access

     Block or restrict access to the CVS server from untrusted hosts and
     networks. The CVS server typically listens on 2401/tcp, but may use
     another port or protocol.
     Limit CVS Server Privileges
     * Configure CVS server to run in a restricted (chroot) environment.
     * Run CVS servers with the minimum set of privileges required on the
       host file system.
     * Provide separate systems for development (write) and
       public/anonymous (read-only) CVS access.
     * Host public/anonymous CVS servers on single-purpose, secured
       systems.

     Note that some of these workarounds will only limit the scope and
     impact of possible attacks. Note also that anonymous (read-only)
     access is sufficent to exploit this vulnerability.

Appendix B. References

     * http://security.e-matters.de/advisories/072004.html
     * http://secunia.com/advisories/11641/
     * http://www.securitytracker.com/alerts/2004/May/1010208.html
     * http://www.netsys.com/library/papers/chrooted-ssh-cvs-server.txt
  _________________________________________________________________

   US-CERT thanks Stefan Esser of e-matters for reporting this problem
   and for information used to construct this advisory.
  _________________________________________________________________

   Feedback can be directed to the authors: Jason A. Rafail and 
   Damon Morda
  _________________________________________________________________

   The latest version of this document can be found at:
   
     <http://www.us-cert.gov/cas/techalerts/TA04-147A.html>
  _________________________________________________________________
   
   Copyright 2004 Carnegie Mellon University.
   
   Terms of use:

     <http://www.us-cert.gov/legal.html>

  _________________________________________________________________

   Revision History

   May 26, 2004: Initial release
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